The Cluj Declaration

The Cluj Napoca protests of 2014, where the Cluj Declaration was approved of (source: YouTube)

The new Romanian government of the right forces – the National Liberal Party, the Alliance 2020 (Save Romania Union and Plus) and the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romanians declared in its programme willingness to allocate 6% of GDP for health, 6% of GDP for education and 1% of GDP for research. These three promises copy important points from the Cluj Declaration – a document of the Romanian civil society, accepted in November 2014 on the central square in Cluj-Napoca as part of the protests that preceded the election of Klaus Iohannis in his first term as a president. Mihai Goţiu, then coordinator of the site “Clean Romania”, declared before this blog in 2016 that the Cluj Declaration remains a programme of the civil society and it is being advanced by the NGO sector. The blog “The Bridge of Friendshp” shares with you an English-language translation of this document, which was originally published at Clean Romania – a site of Romanian civil society:

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Riccardo Petrella: The militarization of pandemic is dangerous


Riccardo Petrella (photo: Riccardo Petrella)

The world after this crisis will be more fragmented, more unjust and inequal, says the Italian economist, who is a former adviser in the European Commission. He also states his opinion on the EU answer to the crisis, created by COVID-19

Vladimir Mitev

This article was published on 13 April 2020 on the English section of the site ”The Barricade”.

Riccardo Petrella is an Italian economist who was a scientific and technology policy analyst to the European Commission between 1979 and 1995, becoming a witness and voice of dissent over the EC’s definition of Europe as a union of competition. He is the main force behind the report “Limits to Competition” by the Group of Lisbon that has criticised the neoliberal reforms undertaken by the Commission of Jacque Delors, that serve capital and markets, but undermine the achievements of Post-War Europe. Petrella worked between 1967 and 1975 as a scientific secretary, and then as the director of The European Coordination Center for Research and Documentation in Social Sciences in Vienna – an organisation that brought about scientific exchanges between East and West Europe  during the times it was divided. The Italian university professor taught between 1982 and 2005 at the Catholic University of Leuven (Belgium); including courses such as “Scientific and technological politics” and “Economic globalisation”, and has been a lecturer in other universities and countries, too. Between 2005 and 2006, he was president of the Water Company of Puglia (Italy). In 1997, he founded the International Committee on the World Water Contract, which has the former Portuguese president Mario Soares as a president. In 1998, Petrella published “The Water Manifesto” (first in French and then in English in 2001), where he unveiled his vision for water as a “common good”.

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