Summary of the book “The Bulgarian-Romanian Political Relations (1944 – 1989)”

The cover of the book “The Bulgarian-Romanian political relations (1944-1989)” (source: The Bridge of Friendship)

The author of the research – Spaska Shumanova gave this summary to the readers of The Bridge of Friendship blog.

The development of the Bulgarian-Romanian political relations from 1944–1989 was influenced by multiple factors. Undoubtedly, the placement of Bulgaria and Romania in the sphere of Soviet influence at the end of the Second World War predetermined the imposition of a certain political regime in these countries, namely Soviet-type socialism. The Communist Party, the central decision-maker for the established state political system, defined the objectives, set the tasks, directed the processes and provided an assessment of the results obtained in all areas of public life in the country, as well as in foreign policy and international activity. Therefore, bilateral relations between Bulgaria and Romania depended directly on the ruling communist parties, and at a later stage they were umbilically linked to the personal perceptions or dissatisfaction of party and state leaders in the two neighboring countries.

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The remarkable Romanian literature and its Bulgarian translations

Conversation with the translator Hristo Boev, who translated into Bulgarian language a number of novels, some being unknown before in our country

Hristo Boev speaking at an event with the participation of the Romanian writer Bogdan Boeru (left) (source: Hristo Boev)

Elena Vladova

Hristo Boev was born in Plovdiv. He graduated in English philology at the Paisii Hilendarski University of Plovdiv. In 2013 he defended his Ph.D. research in British and American literature at Ovidius University, Constanta, Romania, on “Modern (ist) Portrayals of the City in Dickens and Dos Passos: Similarities, Differences, Continuities.” In 2020 he published a monograph on “The Different Dobrudja in the interwar literature.” He has participated in international conferences on topics such as: “literary urbanism”, “translation issues”, “immigration and relocation” and others. His research interests are in the field of new British and American literature, Romanian literature between the wars, geocriticism, literary urbanism, as well as comparative literature. He teaches British and American literature at the University of Sofia “Bishop Konstantin Preslavski”. He is the winner of the translation award of the Liviu Rebranu Literary Museum (2016) and of Media AwART Varna (2020) for his translation of Cella Serghi’s Spider Web. He has translated a number of classical and contemporary novels from Romanian into Bulgarian.

This article was published on January 17, 2021 on the site “The Urban Magazine”.

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Bulgaria is a NATO and EU member with the corresponding obligations and loyalties

Interview given to the Iranian Labour News Agency about the Romaniann politics after the formation of the centre-right government in December 2020 and about the state and future of Bulgarian-Russian relations in 2021

Bulgaria is a NATO and EU member with the corresponding obligations and loyalties — The Persian Bridge of Friendship – Персийският мост на приятелството – Podul Persan al Prieteniei – پل دوستی فارسی

The Cluj Declaration

The new Romanian government’s programme resembles a lot the 2014 Cluj Declaration

The Cluj Napoca protests of 2014, where the Cluj Declaration was approved of (source: YouTube)

The new Romanian government of the right forces – the National Liberal Party, the Alliance 2020 (Save Romania Union and Plus) and the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romanians declared in its programme willingness to allocate 6% of GDP for health, 6% of GDP for education and 1% of GDP for research. These three promises copy important points from the Cluj Declaration – a document of the Romanian civil society, accepted in November 2014 on the central square in Cluj-Napoca as part of the protests that preceded the election of Klaus Iohannis in his first term as a president. Mihai Goţiu, then coordinator of the site “Clean Romania”, declared before this blog in 2016 that the Cluj Declaration remains a programme of the civil society and it is being advanced by the NGO sector. The blog “The Bridge of Friendshp” shares with you an English-language translation of this document, which was originally published at Clean Romania – a site of Romanian civil society:

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Virtual bourgeois tour of Rousse

In October 2020 the public of the Danish organisation “Democracy in Europe” pacewalked online in the Danubean city under the guidance of a local citizen

Alexandrovska Street has preserved to a large extent its architectural image from the beginnin of the XXth century (source: Vladimir Mitev)

On 11 November 2020 the founder of the blog “The Bridge of Friendship” Vladimir Mitev was the guide for a virtual tour of the center of the city of Rousse. The tour took place through photos and comments for the public of the Danish organisation “Democracy in Europe”, which deals with political education and debates on Europe. Vladimir Mitev is part of the team of the Ruse Summer Free Tour. 

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I grew up with Romanian dance hits

A story about the innocent love of a Bulgarian for Romanian music

Screenshot from the video Jokery by Akcent (source: YouTube)

Matey Matev

Matey Matev has never studied Romanian language. But since his school years, he has been captivated by Romanian music. Every summer, when he was a student in the United States, the Netherlands and other European countries, he spent at least a week traveling around Romania. In his relations with Romanians and Romanian music, there are both moments full of positive emotion and disappointment. As in any true love. Matey shared with the blog “The Bridge of Friendship” some Romanian bands and songs that make his life richer and happier.

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Romania: Social Democrats won elections unexpectedly. People didn’t want privatization

As predicted, the neo-liberal right will continue to rule after the parliamentary elections in Romania. However, this will only happen thanks to the formation of a coalition: the surprising winner of the vote is the Social Democratic Party

The Romanian voter sent a signal that the Romanian right-wing parties are disconnected from the masses (source: Pixabay, CC0)

Małgorzata Kulbaczewska-Figat

This article was published on December 7, 2020 on the Polish website On December 8, 2020, Prime Minister Ludovic Orban resigned, and the government was taken over by the minister of defense, general Nicolae Ciuca. Until now, Ciuca was an extremely influential minister on whom many decisions depended. If he continues to be the prime minister of the future government, it will probably be a sign that Bucharest is preparing for Joe Biden’s arrival in the White House, when Romania and Bulgaria are expected to be at the forefront of US efforts to contain Russia and perhaps Turkey.

The activity of Romanian social democrats resembles Law and Justice Party in many respects: it is a party politically representing smaller urban centers or rural areas rather than metropolises and people who have lost as a result of transition, rather than the middle class. It is usual for PSD to take a rather conservative position. During its last rule in 2016-2019, the PSD introduced, inter alia, an increase in pensions. However, the party was weakened by corruption scandals; at the end of 2019, it had to hand over power to the pro-European National Liberal Party (PNL), while PSD’s leader, Liviu Dragnea, was sentenced in the spring of 2019 to prison for abuses (he had committed them several years earlier as a prefect in the Teleorman region).

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