Bulgaria and Romania in the Eastern bloc: how disputes among allies are resolved

The Romanian socialist leader Nicolae Ceauşescu and his Bulgarian colleague Todor Zhivkov (photo: Romanian national archives, Online phototeque of Romanian communism, ID 35070x4x6, 17.01.2019, 12/1979)

A look at the different foreign policy positioning of Romania and Bulgaria in the second half of the XX century

Iskra Baeva

This article was presented at the conference ”Bulgaria and the Balkans in the XX century: foreign policy and public diplomacy”, which took place on 26 October 2018 at the Sofia City Arty Gallery.

The Balkans are in the middle between the three continents, where civilisations, which form the outlook of contemporary world, were born. The importance of this region, just like any other region’s importance, changes together with Europe’s evolution, but all the time it retains its role of connecting element between Europe and Asia and its importance for the Great powers in the continent. By this more general affirmation I want to point your attention towards two of the Balkan states, which we could call Northern Balkans, in the way we call another part of the peninsula Western Balkans. These are Bulgaria and Romania, which enter after World War Two in the Soviet sphere of influence, having very different positions. Soon after the first international convulsions they became the only Balkan countries in the Eastern Bloc. However this didn’t draw them much closer. Neither equalises them. The relations between Bulgaria and Romania in the Eastern block are filled with tensions and contradictions, even though these are hidden behind numerous meetings at the highest level.

I will present those relations through a few characteristic examples. 

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If the government in Iran changes, a new agreement with the USA is possible

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Isfahan (photo: Pixabay, CC0)

An interview with the Iranian foreign policy expert Farzad Ramezani Bonesh on the February 2020 parliamentary elections and what their consequences might be for the country

Vladimir Mitev

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Farzad Ramezani Bonesh (photo: Farzad Ramezani Bonesh)

Farzad Ramezani Bonesh is an Iranian senior researcher and analyst on regional and international issues, with a focus on the Persian Gulf and South Asia. He has previously been chief editor of desk research at several Iranian research centers. He has published hundreds of research articles, short analyses and journalism in Persian and English.

This article was published on 10 February 2020 on the Bulgarian section of the site “The Barricade”.

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În condițiile în care Iranul va avea un alt guvern este posibil un nou acord cu SUA

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Isfahan (foto: Pixabay, CC0)

Un interviu cu expertul iranian de politica externă Farzad Ramezani Bonesh despre alegerile parlamentare din februarie 2020 în Iran şi consecinţele lor eventuale pentru viitorul ţării

Vladimir Mitev

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Farzad Ramezani Bonesh (foto: Farzad Ramezani Bonesh)

Farzad Ramezani Bonesh este un cercetător senior şi analist de relaţii regionale şi internaţionale, specializat în zona Golfului Persic şi Asia de Sud. El a fost şeful departamentelor de cercetare în câteva think tankuri iraniene. A semnat sute de articole de cercetare, scurte analize şi texte jurnalistice în limba persană şi limba engleză.

Acest articol a fost publicat pe 10 februarie 2020 pe secţia bulgărească a site-ului Baricada. 

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При смяна на правителството в Техеран е възможно ново споразумение с Щатите

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Исфахан (снимка: Pixabay, CC0)

Интервю с иранския външнополитически експерт Фарзад Рамезани Бонеш за парламентарните избори през февруари 2020 г. и евентуалните им последствия за бъдещето на страната

Владимир Митев

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Фарзад Рамезани Бонеш (снимка: Фарзад Бонеш)

Фарзад Рамезани Бонеш е ирански изследовател и анализатор на регионалните и международните отношения с фокус върху Персийския залив и Южна Азия. Той е бил ръководител на отделите за изследвания в няколко ирански външнополитически мозъчни тръстове. Има стотици научни публикации, анализи и журналистически текстове на персийски и на английски език.

Тази статия бе публикувана на 10 февруари 2020 г. на българската секция на сайта “Барикада”.

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اهمیت رقابت انتخابانی مجلس ایران در چیست؟

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(Parmida Rahimi, CC BY 2.0, via Flickr :مجلس یازدهم شورای اسلامی (عکس 

انتخابات مجلس یازدهم شورای اسلامی در ماه فوریه در ایران می تواند گویای آن باشد که تلاش این کشور برای نزدیک شدن به غرب با شکست روبرو شده است

ولادیمیر میتف

این مقاله در تاریخ ۲۱ ژانویه سال ۲۰۲۰ میلادی در بخش زبان بلغاری سایت باریکادامنتشر شد.

کشته شدن سردار قاسم سلیمانی، سرنگونی هواپیمای مسافربری خطوط هوایی اوکراین بر فراز تهران و حمله موشکی ایران به پایگاههای نظامی آمریکا در عراق حدودا‌ ً یک ماه قبل از انتخابات مجلس شورای اسلامی ایران بهوقوع پیوستند. به همین دلایل است که می توان گفت این وقایع تأثیر بسیار زیادی بر نقشه ی سیاسی آینده این کشور خواهند گذاشت. در ۲۱ فوریه ۲۰۲۰ ، ایرانیان برای انتخابات مجلس شورای اسلامی، که یکیاز اصلیترین ارکان قدرت وتصمیم گیریهای سیاست داخلی و اقتصاد کشور است به پای صندوقهای رأی خواهند رفت. علاوه بر این ، تعدادی از اعضای مجلس خبرگان رهبری، که قدرت بر کناری وتعیین جایگزین مقام رهبری ایران را دارد تغییر خواهند کرد.

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What are the stakes of the forthcoming Iranian parliamentary elections?

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The Iranian Parliament (photo: Parmida Rahimi, CC BY 2.0, via Flickr)

The February 2020 parliamentary elections în Iran could represent the succesive recognition that the country’s attempt to get closer to the West has failed

Vladimir Mitev

This article was published on 21 January 2020 at the site ”The Barricade”.

The murder of the Iranian general Qassem Soleimani and the taking down of the ucrainean airplane over Tehran in the night, when Iran fired against American military bases in Iraq, happened a little bit more than a month before the parliamentary elections in the Islamic Republic. That is why they will ceratinly influence the future political map of the country. On 21 February 2020 Iranians will vote for Islamic Consultative Assembly, which has prerogatives mostly with regard to the internal policy and the economy. Also, the members of the Assembly of Experts, which has the right to dismiss and appoint the supreme leader, will be partially renewed.

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